Taking your baby to have his or her first vaccinations can be a bit upsetting. Here are some answers to the questions that parents often ask.
Q. Are vaccinations safe?
Vaccinations are thoroughly tested before being introduced and are continually monitored for adverse reactions. Giving your child any medicine carries a risk of possible side effects, as the patient information enclosed with the medicine explains, though vaccinations are among the safest. The risk is much higher if your child isn’t vaccinated and comes into contact with the disease, that they will become very unwell.
Q. Why is my baby being offered different vaccinations to my older child?
The schedule of vaccinations routinely offered to babies and children is regularly looked at by a national panel of experts to make sure it is as effective and safe as possible. New vaccinations are introduced or the timings of vaccinations may change sometimes, so what your baby is offered may be different to what an older child had at the same age.
Q. Is it safe to have so many vaccinations at once?
Rest assured that the vaccination schedule has been fully tested and researched to make sure it’s safe. Babies’ immune systems actually cope very well with several vaccinations at once. If fact, if a baby were given 11 vaccines all at the same time, they would actually only use 0.1% of their immune system to respond to them! Remember, your baby is exposed to lots of germs every day.
A short animation on NHS Choices explains more.
Q. Are there any children who shouldn’t be vaccinated?
If your baby has a fever on the day of the appointment, your GP or practice nurse may advise you to put off the vaccination for a few days.
If your child has had a severe allergic reaction to a previous vaccination or to one of the ingredients, then they shouldn’t have a further dose. You should also talk to your GP if you have a family history of allergies, eczema or febrile convulsions.
If your child has a serious illness or is taking medication that is affecting their immune system, there are some vaccinations they shouldn’t have. These include MMR and BCG. Again, discuss the best option with your GP.
Q. I’ve heard bad things about the MMR jab – how can I trust that it’s ok?
The MMR vaccine provides protection against three illnesses: measles, mumps and rubella (German measles). All of these conditions can have very serious complications, and can prove fatal. Lots has been written in the press about claims that the MMR jab is linked to autism or bowel disease. The research on which this is based has now been discredited, and no other studies have found a link.
If you’re still worried, watch these films in which parents explore the risks and benefits of MMR vaccination.
Q. What if the vaccine contains ingredients that aren’t in line with my religious beliefs?
Some people are worried about the ingredients (particularly pork gelatine) in some vaccinations being unsuitable for particular religious groups. Whether or not you, as parents, decide to have your child vaccinated is entirely up to you. The important thing is that you can make informed choices. These NHS leaflets provide more detailed guidance:
- Vaccines and porcine gelatine
- The children’s flu vaccination programme, the nasal flu vaccine, Fluenz and porcine gelatine:Your questions answered
Q. Can I take my baby swimming before and after they’ve had their vaccinations?
It’s completely safe to take your baby swimming at any time before and after their vaccinations, so you don’t need to worry.
- Leaflet: Protecting your baby against meningitis and septicaemia
- Leaflet: A guide to immunisations up to one year of age
Leicestershire Partnership NHS Trust run’s a confidential secure text messaging service for parents of children aged 0-19 years called Chat Health. The service operates Monday to Friday between 9am and 5pm, excluding bank holidays. All texts will be responded to by a public health nurse (health visitor/school nurse) within 24 hours. Outside of the service working hours, you’ll receive a message back to inform you that your text will be responded to once the line reopens.
Should you require urgent health advice in the meantime, please contact your GP, visit an NHS walk-in centre or call NHS 111. For emergencies, dial 999 or visit A&E.
Leicester City: text 07520 615381
Leicestershire & Rutland: text 07520 615382